The Definitive Guide to Micronutrients in the Ketogenic Diet

Matt Titlow - Monday, February 20, 2017

When excluding particular foods, food categories, or macronutrient groups from the diet, the opportunity for deficiency to present itself increases. Therefore, it is no surprise that pushback against the ketogenic diet cites vitamin, mineral, or other nutrient deficiencies as a reason to think twice before restricting carbohydrate content in the diet.


However, a close examination of our foods and their contents strongly supports the consumption of animal products. In fact, removing animal products from the diet poses more of a risk to the development of nutrient deficiencies than removing carbohydrate-rich products. This is particularly true when looking beyond the nutrient content of the food to how the nutrients are absorbed and metabolized.

In general, meat and other animal products do not limit or may promote nutrient absorption, while plants can often contain antinutrients like phytates, oxalates, or glucosinolates which reduce nutrient absorption, nullifying any benefits associated with their contents.

So... what nutrients are lacking in a ketogenic diet?



National Institute of Health, Daily Values

National Institute of Health, Recommended Intake

Vitamin A

Cruciferous vegetables (kale, spinach, broccoli), dairy (cheese), and meat (beef liver, fish) are rich in vitamin A. Interestingly, 1 ounce of beef liver would provide nearly 100% of the DV for vitamin A (a tablespoon of butter can also provide over 5%). Vitamin A is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet.

Sources of Vitamin A in the Keto Diet

Vitamin B Complex

Here we say B “complex,” as this group includes thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, biotin, folate, and cobalamin. The B vitamin complex is an interesting one because we’re told to eat grains and cereal to get B vitamins. Grains and cereal don’t actually contain much B vitamins naturally – they’re added in as supplements in a process called fortification. B12 (cobalamin) is actually not found in plant sources and can only be obtained from meat. As for the rest, a diet containing red meats, seafood, dairy, nuts, and seeds will meet all recommended intakes for the B vitamins. Vitamin B Complex is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C’s best known sources are the citrus fruits – definitely not on a ketogenic diet. While they are abundant in citrus fruits, red peppers actually take the cake, containing 158% DV per half cup. Green peppers also rank highly at 100% DV per half cup. Broccoli, brussels sprouts, spinach, cauliflower, and cabbage all contain ample amounts of Vitamin C. However, Vitamin C is not abundant in animal products. Therefore, a ketogenic dieter whom skimps on their vegetable intake is susceptible to a low Vitamin C intake. Vitamin C is POSSIBLY lacking in a ketogenic diet.

Sources of Vitamin C in the Ketogenic Diet

How to resolve Vitamin C deficiencies: by supplementing with ascorbic acid or increase consumption of the vegetables listed above.

Vitamin D

This is another interesting one. The RDA for Vitamin D is 600 IU (15 mcg), but some experts believe it should be double to quadruple that amount for optimal bone, endocrine, and organ health. This may be a contributing factor to the health benefits of a ketogenic diet, as plant sources (except for mushrooms) are devoid of Vitamin D. Vitamin D is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet. In reality, keto- dieters are very likely better off than non-ketoers.

Vitamin E

Of all whole foods, nuts/legumes and seeds reign supreme for Vitamin E content. Spinach and broccoli are two of the most abundant vegetable sources as well, indicating that Vitamin E is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet.

Vitamin K

Plants dominate Vitamin K. Luckily, the highest concentrations are found in cruciferous vegetables like collards and turnip greens, spinach, kale, and broccoli – all of which contain over 100% DV per serving. The keto-friendly, non-vegetable sources of Vitamin K are of relatively low concentrations, not containing over 20% per serving, but they include pine nuts (19% DV/ounce), chicken breast (17% DV/3 ounces), ground beef (8% DV/3 ounces), and olive oil (10% DV/TBSP). While it is unlikely, Vitamin K is POSSIBLY lacking in a ketogenic diet. However, an abundance of beef, chicken, and olive oil could remedy a deficiency if a keto-dieter forsakes vegetables (which they should not).

How to resolve deficiencies of Vitamin K – increase consumption of the vegetables listed above or supplement. Supplementing Vitamin K is not straight-forward, as bioavailability comes into play. There are 2 forms of Vitamin K – 1 and 2 or phylloquinone and menaquinone, respectively. Most of the diet consists of K1, but the menaquinone with 7 prenyl side chains (aka MK-7) appears to be the most efficacious for increasing blood levels of vitamin K.



Dairy! Calcium is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet. However, this nutrient may need to be increased during adaptation to a ketogenic diet, as the diet can flush the body of electrolytes, causing cramping and malaise. For argument’s sake, let’s say a keto-dieter is also sensitive to dairy. This individual could obtain adequate amounts of calcium from fish (like salmon and sardines), kale, bok choy, and/or broccoli. Other than those, the only other efficient way using food is with calcium- fortified carbohydrate products like orange juice or cereals. If supplementing, it is efficient to take calcium itself or Calcium Beta-Hydroxybutyrate (CaBHB). Supplementing with CaBHB can rapidly induce ketosis and can be used to accelerate the transition period between one’s “normal” diet and the ketogenic diet or induce a deeper state of ketogenesis for those already adapted.

Calcium Sources for the Ketogenic Diet


Chloride is a major component of salt (table or sea), and therefore, it is not likely lacking in any diet. Chloride is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet. However, this nutrient may need to be increased during adaptation to a ketogenic diet, as the diet can flush the body of electrolytes, causing cramping and malaise.


Chromium is not found in large quantities in very many foods. The most abundant food only contains 11 mcg per serving (half cup of broccoli), which equates to about one-third of daily needs, but there is a steep drop off after broccoli with grape juice, wheat muffins, and potatoes having 8, 4, and 3 mcg of chromium per serving, respectively. Although reports of chromium deficiency are rare, its scarcity in the diet makes it more likely that a ketogenic diet could produce a deficiency. Chromium is POSSIBLY lacking in a ketogenic diet.

How to resolve Chromium deficiencies – consume more broccoli or supplement. Chromium is easily excreted, so several small doses throughout the day are most effective, but the best form of chromium is yet to be adequately defined.


Copper is another nutrient very abundant in a ketogenic diet. Seafood, beef, seeds, legumes, nuts, dark chocolate, and green veggies lead the pack for copper content. Copper is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet.

Copper Sources for the Ketogenic Diet


Fluoride is actually most abundant in water. There is also a high content in avocado, greens, and dairy. Fluoride is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet.


Iodine presents a case similar to that of Vitamin D, although less pronounced. Some believe its consumption should be greater for optimal health. Interestingly, seaweed can contain anywhere from 10-2,000% DV of iodine. Seafoods (such as the more typical fish, particularly white fish), dairy, and eggs are also rich in iodine. Iodine is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet.


Iron is tricky because there is heme and non-heme iron. Essentially, heme iron is desired, because it is absorbed much better than non-heme iron. While plant sources may be high in iron, they contain non-heme iron as well as many other compounds, such as oxalates or phylates, which inhibit iron uptake. Animal sources, however, are rich in heme iron, and contain a “meat protein factor” which promotes iron absorption. Iron is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet.


Here is another example of a nutrient with relatively low quantities in any single food item. However, magnesium content meets or exceeds 10% of DV in over 15 unique foods. Of these exist almonds (20%), spinach (20%), cashews (19%), peanuts (16%), black beans (15%), avocado (11%), and yogurt (11%). With lower amounts found in meats and seafoods, magnesium is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet. However, this nutrient should be increased during adaptation to a ketogenic diet, as the diet can flush the body of electrolytes, causing cramping and malaise.

Magnesium in the Ketogenic Diet


To resolve a potential deficiency in Magnesium, you can supplement with magnesium itself or Magnesium Beta-Hydroxybutyrate (MgBHB). Supplementing with MgBHB can rapidly induce ketosis and can be used to accelerate the transition period between one’s “normal” diet and the ketogenic diet or induce a deeper state of ketogenesis for those already adapted.


Manganese is similar to magnesium (in more than just the name!). They both have a +2 charge and can be used somewhat interchangeably in the body’s chemical reactions/stabilizations. It is found in surprisingly large amounts in teas and spices, but also in seafood, nuts, seeds, and beans. Manganese is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet.


Here’s one we don’t hear about very much. This is probably because average Americans consume about double the RDA for molybdenum (~45mcg). However, animal products and vegetables are relatively low in the nutrient, but nuts, beans, and peas are some of the richest sources. Thus, a ketogenic diet is likely lower in molybdenum than a non-keto diet, but that might not be so bad. While molybdenum deficiencies have not been observed in any healthy individuals, overconsumption can promote copper excretion and increase oxidative stress. Collectively, molybdenum is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet.


Meats, dairy, nuts, seeds, and beans are all high in phosphorus. Phosphorus is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet.


Potassium is found in high concentrations in meats, dairy, many keto-friendly vegetables, avocado, beans, and seafood. Potassium is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet. However, this nutrient may need to be increased during adaptation to a ketogenic diet, as the diet can flush the body of electrolytes, causing cramping and malaise. To resolve this potential deficiency, you can supplement with potassium itself, but Potassium Beta-Hydroxybutyrate (KBHB) is not available in powder form. Those supplementing with CaBHB, MgBHB and/or NaBHB often supplement with potassium to balance the minerals. When supplementing with Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium and Sodium, you need to balance those minerals in these ratios 12:5:57:18, respectively. In other words, 1mg of Potassium is needed for every 0.21mg of Calcium, 0.09mg of Magnesium, 0.32mg of Sodium (reference: NIH).


Each Brazil nut has about 100% DV of selenium. Yellowfin tuna ranks second with 131% DV in 3 ounces, and all of the other foods high in selenium are predominantly animal products. Selenium is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet.

Sources of Selenium in the Keto Diet


Sodium is the other major component of salt, and it is not lacking in just about any diet. Although it was previously thought that sodium exacerbated cardiovascular disease, this is slowly being disproven (reference 1, reference 2). Sodium is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet. However, much like the other electrolytes, sodium can be expelled due to the diuretic effect of ketogenic diet adaptation and may need to be increased during this time.

To resolve this potential deficiency, you can sprinkle table salt on your food, or supplement with Sodium Beta-Hydroxybutyrate (NaBHB). It is common to see people on ketogenic diets liberally applying salt to their food to combat higher rates of excretion. If supplementing with NaBHB, you can rapidly induce ketosis and some use it to accelerate the transition period between one’s “normal” diet and the ketogenic diet or induce a deeper state of ketogenesis for those already adapted.


Most sulfur comes from animal products (like eggs!). Moreover, the majority of sulfur-containing vegetables are keto-friendly as well. Sulfur is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet.


Again, meats and seafoods contain the most zinc followed by dairy, legumes, and nuts. Zinc is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet.

Other Nutrients

Omega 3's

Omega 3 fatty acids should not be lacking in a ketogenic diet. By far and away, the richest source of omega 3’s are oily fish. Second, third, and fourth place belong to seeds, nuts, and beans. The fish sources contain the better sources of omega 3’s, EPA and DHA, while the latter 3 contain the inferior ALA. Beef (particularly grass fed beef) and eggs also contain smaller amounts of omega 3’s (mostly ALA, though). Thus, the omega 3’s are NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet. However, eating larger amounts of the pro-inflammatory omega 6 fatty acids can still negatively affect health, and without adequate omega 3 consumption to counter-balance, a ketogenic diet can quickly spur an unfavorable omega 3 to omega 6 ratio.


The recommendation for fiber intake is 25-30g/day not from supplements. The latter portion of this statement is particularly revealing. Fiber in and of itself is useful, but not as healthful as we’re lead to believe. Rather, fiber is an indicator of plant consumption since it is not found in animal products. Hence, high fiber equates to high plant consumption equates to less “bad” food, but its unique value does not live up to its hype. ...but it is useful. Fiber is actually fermented into fat by human gut bacteria, so any health benefits of fiber can be due in large part to its conversion to fat (specifically, short-chain fatty acids). Is it lacking? Even 30g of fiber per day is possible with a little conscious effort. Staple ketogenic foods like avocados, nuts, and seeds are quite high in fiber. Add in green vegetables and one is easily over 20g of fiber per day. The last 10g are where effort comes in. Incorporating “specialty” foods like cacao, flax, chia, hemp, and low-carb flours (i.e. flax, almond, and coconut) can quickly and easily provide 10-20g of fiber per day. Fiber is NOT lacking in a ketogenic diet ...if you do it right.

Supplementing with Beta-Hydroxybutyrate (BHB)

Ketogenic Diet Supplementation with goBHB from Compound Solutions

BHB can be thought of as the “goal” of a ketogenic diet; it is the ketone body that is most elevated when nutritional ketosis is successfully induced and carries its own therapeutic properties. BHB is not stable on its own, so when it is in supplement form, it is most commonly found in powder form bound to the minerals Calcium, Magnesium or Sodium. For those supplementing with Calcium BHB (CaBHB), Magnesium BHB (MgBHB), or Sodium BHB (NaBHB), it is common to see all three in combination to ensure balanced mineral intake. Some also add Potassium Citrate, Potassium Chloride or Potassium Bicarbonate to the mix, as well, to keep Potassium levels optimal. Supplemental BHB accelerates fat adaptation and reduces the symptoms of “keto flu” for those who are new to the diet. For those already keto-adapted, BHB can be used as a carbohydrate-alternative fuel source before, during, or after exercise, and BHB can quickly return one to a state of ketosis when it would just be rude to refuse a slice of birthday cake.

Are you formulating for the ketogenic health market? Let's talk about goBHB.

How to Formulate with Carbs

Matt Titlow - Tuesday, January 10, 2017

Carbs are quickly becoming the “new bad guy” in the American diet. We're just a few years away from anti-carbohydrate campaigns, and the popularity of low-carb and ketogenic lifestyles are only growing. In this shifting environment, how do you formulate products with carbs? 

Carb Considerations

There are four key things to consider before you formulate with carbs: glycemic index, carbohydrate types, tolerability and health impacts.

The Glycemic Index is a measure of a food's impact on post-prandial blood glucose. In other words, “how much will this food increase my blood glucose after I eat it, on a scale from 0 to 100?”

Increasing blood glucose by consuming a high glycemic carb is a desirable quality of a carbohydrate source during or immediately prior to certain types of athletic activity – namely those that require a quick burst of semi-sustained energy substrate, such as soccer. High-glycemic carbs may also be utilized post-activity to quickly replenish glycogen stores, but this tactic is only appropriate if the athlete is going to be using the same muscle groups again within 24 hours, such as in tournament-style competitions.

For ALL other times, a low-glycemic food item is more desirable.

Carbohydrate types are classified as monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. In the supplement world, we primarily deal with monosaccharides (like glucose or fructose) and polysaccharides (starches). Although they are technically different types of carbohydrates, they are not always so different in their biological effects. Of particular interest is maltodextrin. Maltodextrin is classified as a starch, but its biological behavior mimics that of pure glucose in many regards. In effect, this starch is a sugar and carries with it all of the negative aspects of a sugar.

The tolerability of a carbohydrate powder is linked to its gastrointestinal (GI) effects. In this regard, we must consider osmolality and molecular weight. The two are inversely related, meaning as one increases, the other decreases. Low osmolality (and high molecular weight) are associated with rapid gastric emptying time and minimal, if any, GI distress.

Health impacts related to carbohydrates are, most notably, glucose and insulin levels. Although carbohydrates are still purported to be the foundation of a healthy diet, more sophisticated research is soon to dethrone them. The reasoning behind this is as follows:

• elevated post-prandial blood glucose drastically increases risk for cardiovascular disease1
• dietary carbohydrate restriction is superior to dietary saturated fat restriction for improving diabetes and heart disease2
• and glucose is the major fuel source for many cancer cells3

These are also the underlying reasons for the relevance of the Glycemic Index.

6 Rules of Thumb for Formulating with Carbs

1. Be cautious about formulating with anything labeled as maltodextrin or “glucose polymers” (euphemism for maltodextrin). The reasons are (1) it is known as a cheap filler (2) it disrupts the gut microbiome4,5 and (3) consumers are gaining knowledge about the negative health impacts of elevated insulin6. 
2. Lower glycemic carbs providing sustained energy should be used in most applications, particularly meal replacements, pre- and intra-workout products.
3. Higher glycemic carbs should only be used proximal in time to athletic activity.
4. Use “cleaner” carbs that are non-gmo, non-allergenic, organic, and that minimally impact blood sugar.
5. Remain wary of the negative health impacts of carbohydrates and formulate to reflect the purpose of the product.
6. Pay attention to osmolality. This is often forgotten, but so critical in preventing GI distress.

Applications for Carbohydrate Powders such as Carb10™

Clean Gainer (i.e. Optimum’s Gold Standard Gainer)

Click here to learn more about Carb10™, our clean, easy-to-digest, low-glycemic solution.

How do Carbohydrates Compare?

[1] Goulas, A. K., Cooper, J. M., Grandison, A. S., & Rastall, R. A. (2004). Synthesis of isomaltooligosaccharides and oligodextrans in a recycle membrane bioreactor by the combined use of dextransucrase and dextranase. Biotechnology and bioengineering, 88(6), 778-787.

[2] Although osmolality is often linked to GI distress, fibers can be an exception. Their molecular weight is often low to very low, but have little disturbance or sometimes “calming” effect on the gut.

[i] There are low Dextrose Equivalent (DE) versions that are low insulinemic.



1. Glucose tolerance and cardiovascular mortality: comparison of fasting and 2-hour diagnostic criteria. Arch Intern Med. 2001;161(3):397-405.
2. Volek, J. S., & Feinman, R. D. (2005). Carbohydrate restriction improves the features of Metabolic Syndrome. Metabolic Syndrome may be defined by the response to carbohydrate restriction. Nutrition & metabolism, 2(1), 1.
3. Seyfried, T.N., & Shelton, L.M. (2010). Cancer as a metabolic disease. Nutrition & Metabolism, 7(1), 1.
4. Nickerson, K. P., Chanin, R., & McDonald, C. (2015). Deregulation of intestinal anti-microbial defense by the dietary additive, maltodextrin. Gut microbes, 6(1), 78-83.
5. O'Brien, W. J., & Rowlands, D. S. (2011). Fructose-maltodextrin ratio in a carbohydrate-electrolyte solution differentially affects exogenous carbohydrate oxidation rate, gut comfort, and performance. American Journal of Physiology-Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, 300(1), G181-G189.
6. Blaak EE, Antoine JM, Benton D, et al. Impact of postprandial glycaemia on health and prevention of disease. Obesity Reviews. 2012;13(10):923-84.

Beta-Hydroxybutyrate (as goBHB) Infographic

Kelsey Olanoff - Wednesday, October 12, 2016

Our goBHB (beta-hydroxybutyrate) is attracting more and more attention because it's tapping into a huge marketplace demand for non-carb energy. goBHB is a ketone body--free of carbs--that when consumed can be used to fuel mind and body. It's a performance fuel.

But what exactly is beta-hydroxybutyrate and how does it function in the body? Here's a breakdown of this almost-too-good-to-be-true ingredient.


Looking to formulate with goBHB? Let's talk. Email us:


TeaCrine Receives Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) Affirmation

Matt Titlow - Tuesday, August 16, 2016


  1. After nearly two years and incredible amounts effort, TeaCrine® is officially self-affirmed GRAS. 

  2. This news came after an independent expert panel assessed the intended use of TeaCrine® as a food and beverage ingredient and unanimously affirmed it meets GRAS standards and procedures. With this designation, TeaCrine® unlocks opportunity all over the grocery store.
  4. Read the full press release.



3 Formulas that Give CrossFitters the Edge

David Sandler - Tuesday, July 05, 2016

CrossFit's popularity is still on the rise. With well over 10,000 CrossFit facilities, more than 250,000 CrossFit games entrants, it is estimated that more than 2 million people engage in some form of CrossFit-type activity. Further, once people identify themselves as CrossFitters, they believe they need CrossFit-specific products to be successful. That makes it not only the fastest growing segment of the sports supplement market, but an extremely viable market for both new product entry and continued growth beyond the closed CrossFit doors.

When formulating for the CrossFit market, it's important to consider their pillars for success:

1 - Power and endurance

2 - Focus and dedication

3 - Minimal downtime

The application, however, is not so easy, as most CrossFitters are not properly fueling their body for their grueling workouts. The solution? Better supplements to enhance function and performance, while minimizing downtimes. 

Here are 3 winning formulas that will give CrossFitters the edge.


CrossFitters want boundless energy without being overstimulated. Stimulants serve as the backbone to a multi-billion-dollar industry, however, they often come with drawbacks, especially for those seeking sustained power output. True cellular energy, rather than simply increasing heart rate or psychoactive parameters, is what drives performance, improves endurance, and reduces fatigue. PeakO2, a powerful and patent-pending blend of adaptogens, improves anaerobic power. It also increases time to fatigue, making workouts longer and stronger, giving CrossFitters what they need to complete a heavy-duty WOD.

The blend: PeakO2 along with carnitine, creatine, and cellular ATP-generating ingredients can power athletes through the toughest workouts.


Many of the intense and slightly insane workouts require more than strength and power; they require guts, ambition and devotion. While some of these characteristics are woven into the CrossFitter’s DNA, the rest comes from proper nutrition and supplementation. TeaCrine® not only provides a burst of sustainable energy, it drives focus and motivation to break through plateaus. TeaCrine® will not only get an athlete in the zone, it will keep them there.

The blend: When combined with a moderate dosing of caffeine, choline, ginseng and other nootropic complements and energy-enhancing ingredients, TeaCrine® is perfect for CrossFitters in preparation for their next competition.


Recovery is the key to success in CrossFit, not only during training, but also during the Opens, Regionals and Games when recovery time is snatched away. In training, the longer a recovery takes, the slower the gains. Since breaking down muscle is the catalyst to stimulate muscle repair and improvement, creating products to enhance muscle repair can help get CrossFitters back to the gym faster. BCAAs have long been shown to stimulate muscle protein synthesis via mTOR activity driving the process of muscle repair and development.

The blend: BCAAs (InstAminos) along with key electrolytes, low-osmolality carbs like Carb10 and blood glucose controllers can improve overall uptake, and further enhance muscle protein synthesis through synergistic mechanisms that work with the mTOR pathway.

Compound Solutions has innovative ingredients that can separate your brand, open new market channels and help you develop a wide range of products for the world of the fastest growing fitness phenomena, CrossFit.


PeakO2, A Versatile Adaptogenic Blend

Matt Titlow - Monday, June 06, 2016

After many years, people are re-discovering what has been around for centuries—adaptogens. Adaptogens have been essential to traditional Asian medicine for centuries, helping people adapt and perform better under physical and mental stress. 


Adaptogens are typically too brown and too insoluble in water to use in lightly flavored and colored drinks. So, they’ve been under-utilized in powder beverages.


PeakO₂ is clinically proven to boost both power AND endurance. It’s light tan in water and neutrally flavored, so experimenting with it is easy.






Pre-workouts (stim or non-stim): PeakO₂ is clinically proven to increase power 17.6% in 7 days. It improves VO₂ max and VO₂ time to exhaustion 65 seconds in just 21 days. It does so by increasing the lungs’ oxygen uptake and efficiency. It’s like taking creatine monohydrate and beta-alanine, but getting results six weeks faster.

BCAA or endurance formulas: PeakO₂ improves oxygen uptake, leading to significant gains in VO₂ max and VO₂ max time to exhaustion. Its combination with a muscle “fuel” like Leucine is a powerful muscle potentiator and athletic performance booster. The use of PeakO₂ is exclusive to Scivation (Xtend) until January 2, 2017.

Gainers or performance proteins: Gainers are not about gaining fat, but about gaining strength. Blending basic whey protein and maltodextrin together has been the “gainer formula” for decades. Now we can create an “elite” gainer or protein for those who want the strength component: PeakO₂.

Performance vegan/organic formulas: vegan proteins, meal replacements and greens products are surging in popularity. Now you can add a performance component with 100% organic-certified, vegan, non-GMO, non-allergenic, gluten-free, all-natural PeakO₂.

Add to Shake: It’s also possible to use PeakO₂ as a single item in a bottle that you just “add-to-shake.”

It is rare for an ingredient to provide significant performance gains in only one week.

Request a sample and experience it first-hand. 
Visit to learn more or download the PeakO2 brochure.


Newly Published Clinical Studies Highlight Unique Benefits of TeaCrine®

Kelsey Olanoff - Thursday, May 19, 2016

As a company rooted in science, we've invested heavily in proving out the safety and efficacy of TeaCrine®, our energy and focus ingredient. The two clinical trials that showed TeaCrine®'s effects (decreases in anxiety and irritability and increases in energy, focus and concentration) are now published in the peer-reviewed Journal of Dietary Supplements.


For more details, read the full press release.


5 Emerging Natural Products Trends

Matt Titlow - Wednesday, April 06, 2016

We've been in business for 18 years, which has allowed us to witness (and participate in) the natural product explosion. What was once taking up a corner of the grocery store now pervades our lives. This is why we think it's important to make some sense of the clutter and identify the key trends we're seeing in the natural product world, the trends that are worth paying attention to and that may or may not ultimately be the healthy choice for consumers.  

1. Protein, protein, protein  

While whey is a protein mainstay, plant-based proteins are really gaining a foothold. The category is so big and so hot that brands are now differentiating their proteins with functional benefits like “Vegan Protein Slim”. We see a big opportunity in plant-based proteins because the flavors leave much to be desired. There is substantial progress to be made here and our Smooth80™ rice protein and Clean Cream™ can help. 

2. Large, bold nutritional and certification tags

Natural product companies know they have savvy consumers so they are now boldly and proudly displaying the nutritional and certification tags, among the most prevalent are non-GMO, gluten-free, organic, Banned Substance-Free, and NSF-certified. While at the surface these claims point to a better product, be forewarned:

A. Non-GMO doesn't significantly move the needle in human health. In fact, it may inhibit human progress as the consumer mistakes the logo for “good” and “healthy.” In other words, you can have non-GMO fructose and acquire non-GMO diabetes with continued use.

B. Gluten-free is also over-represented, largely catering to a small niche of consumers. The “Gluten-free” tag also appears to be confused with “good” and “healthy” which also stymies progress toward healthier humans.

3. Omegas and probiotics are still giant

Omegas are now differentiating by a few different factors including production process (i.e. CO₂ extraction), higher concentrations (90%+), high DHA content, and uniqueness like Omega 7. Omegas seem to be good; but prebiotics and probiotics appear to offer much more significant benefit to human health. Look to prebiotics for advancements without the manufacturing difficulties associated with probiotics.

4. Cognition is the new kid on the block

Natural, organic energy and focus has become a significant category. We can't be more excited about the way TeaCrine answers to that marketplace demand. 

5. Healthy oils

MCTs and coconut oils are everywhere, especially coconut. Coconut has found its way into everything. Healthy fats will be everywhere in a year's time, and the offerings will widen to include macadamia nut oil and more.




TeaCrine® Now Fueling More than 80 Sports Nutrition, Functional Food & Beverage Products

Matt Titlow - Wednesday, March 16, 2016


Demand for our fast-acting energy/cognitive performance ingredient–TeaCrine®–has exploded in recent months. It is now a key ingredient in more than 80 products available to people seeking a boost in physical and mental performance without the crash typically associated with caffeine. TeaCrine® hasn’t been the chosen ingredient solely because of how it works, however. It’s also because we’ve invested nearly $1,000,000 in clinically validating its safety and efficacy. We believe in supplying new, patented ingredients that are backed by science, regulatory compliant and deliver efficacy to the most discerning and demanding consumers. 

See all the facts and figures in our official press release.

TeaCrine® (theacrine): Safe Alternative to Picamilon (Pikatropin™) and Vinpocentine

Matt Titlow - Tuesday, October 27, 2015



Compound Solutions, Inc., exclusive global distributor of patent-protected TeaCrine® (theacrine), announced TeaCrine® is a safe alternative to Picamilon (Pikatropin™).

On September 28, 2015, the FDA ruled Picamilon (Pikatropin™) is not a dietary supplement, sparking GNC and Vitamin Shoppe to issue massive recalls of products containing Picamilon. The affected companies must immediately reformulate to keep product on-shelf and retain market share.

One safe, legal alternative to Picamilon is TeaCrine. TeaCrine is pure theacrine, the newest, most innovative ingredient in the energy and cognitive markets. It is manufactured in an NSF-certified GMP factory and is Informed Choice and Informed Sport-certified.

TeaCrine is the world’s only theacrine with human clinical data. In one human clinical study, TeaCrine was shown to improve energy, concentration and motivation to exercise. In another clinical study performed at a leading U.S. university with a well-established nutritional sciences research program, the 8-week, 60-subject study set out to answer different questions about the safety and habituation effects of longer term TeaCrine use. The research found no signs of habituation and no safety concern at 200mg and 300mg doses.

Read the FDA letter here.

The post TeaCrine® (theacrine): Safe Alternative to Picamilon (Pikatropin™) and Vinpocentineappeared first on Compound Solutions, Inc. | Leading Nutraceutical Distribution Company.



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